Building blocks of your speech
I am certain that a lot of you must have wondered how to bring in coherence in your writing or speaking which makes the transitions seamless. Learning this is one of the significant aspects in learning English.
We use the word ‘and’ quite often to add information but wouldn’t sound monotonous if it’s so repetitive.
For example: You may not prefer to read a piece of writing like the following:
Incorrect : Bangalore is a beautiful city. There are many lakes in Bangalore. And you find many parks in Bangalore. And Bangalore houses one of the most beautiful palaces. And the Nandi hills in Bangalore are the best place to visit.
The word ‘and’, can be replaced with various discourse markers. ‘Discourse markers’ are a part of English vocabulary that help you to maintain continuity (coherence) in you speech and writing. These words add more credibility
|Type of relationship||Discourse markers||Position within clause/sentence|
|Adding information||Moreover; In addition; Additionally; Further; Further to this; Also; Besides; What’s more||Initial position|
|Making a contrast between two ides||However; On the other hand; In contrast; On the contrary; yet||Initial position|
|Making an unexpected contrast||Though, even though, although||Initial position|
|To express – as a result of||Therefore, hence, consequently, as a result, thus||Initial position|
I could rephrase the paragraph about Bangalore in the following manner:
Correct : Bangalore is a beautiful city. There are many lakes in Bangalore. In addition to that, you find many parks in Bangalore. Furthermore, Bangalore houses one of the most beautiful palaces. What’s more, the Nandi hills in Bangalore are the best place to visit.
You would have noticed, the word, ‘many’ is used twice in the paragraph. However, we can replace the word, ‘many’ with multiple, several, numerous, n number of, plenty of, a good number of and innumerable. One can use the synonyms of a word to avoid repetition in your writing if it does not affect the meaning. You can find synonyms from the thesaurus.
The English you listen to plays a crucial role in your speaking skills. It’s always good to watch or listen to the channels like BBC, CNN, National Geographic, Discovery or Animal planet. In channels like National Geographic, you get to hear more of descriptions and explanations. For the most part, in business writing, we either describe or explain something.
Watching channels like BBC, CNN, National Geographic, Discovery or Animal planet, using discourse markers and using synonyms of some words which are repetitive will make the building blocks of your speech and writing (vocabulary) much stronger and interesting.
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